The issuance of a charging order comprises an alternative means of enforcement which is accompanied by an order for sale of the charged asset under the Law on Charging Orders of 1992 (31 (Ι)/1992) (the Charging Order Law).
In accordance with the Charging Order Law, the judgment creditor (the Creditor) is entitled, for the purpose of enforcing the judgment and securing payment of the judgment debt, to make an ex parte application to the Court for issuance of a Charging Order over the interest of the judgment debtor (the Debtor) in assets which are covered by the relevant law (the Charging Order). Furthermore, in order for Creditor to advance the sale of the charged asset, he must secure in advance an order which will permit its redemption after all the interested parties are heard.
A Charging Order may be issued on the following of the Debtor’s financial assets:
During the issuance of the Charging Order, the competent court may impose any conditions it considers necessary to inform the Debtor or/ and for any other matter. The Charging Order which was issued ex parte can be annulled or amended following an application by the Debtor or a person having a legitimate interest in the charged asset.
The issuance of the charging order shall result in:
Furthermore, the ability of the competent court to proceed with appointing a receiver, if requested, in parallel with the issuance of an order for sale of the charged asset, is paramount. The receiver is appointed in order to carry out all necessary steps for the disposal of the charged asset and the judgment debt collection. It is noted that the receiver on appointment has all rights and obligations of the Debtor over the charged asset in his possession and under his protection, until the annulment of his appointment by the Court.
The recent judgment of the Supreme Court, under one Judge, that was published in the context of Civil Application Νο 205/2020, dealt with the issue of receiver’s appointment in relation to Debtor's assets. According with what has been said in that decision, an order of receiver’s appointment can also be issued under the Law on Courts of 1960 (No. 14/1960) even where the issuance of an order of redemption of the asset is not sought, ultimately aiming to preserve the assets where and when it is determined necessary under the circumstances.
Regarding the procedure to be followed for sale of shares, which are the most frequently charged asset, this is carried under public auction.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that a temporary Charging Order may be issued while legal proceedings are pending which regard debt or compensation and until the legal proceedings conclude, provided that: